How to Prove You Have Combat PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can cause a variety of often debilitating mental health symptoms. For the millions of veterans dealing with these symptoms after engaging in combat, the condition is called combat PTSD.
Sometimes known as “shell shock” or combat stress, PTSD occurs following severe trauma or a life-threatening event. It’s normal for the mind and body to be in shock after experiencing or witnessing such an event. The problem is that this normal response can become entrenched or “frozen” in your nervous system—and that’s when it becomes PTSD.”
It can be hard for many veterans to get past the memories of the event or experience(s) that led to their combat PTSD. If left untreated, combat PTSD can interrupt your life, prevent you from living in the present, and impact your ability to function in everyday life.
Veterans are at a much higher risk of developing PTSD than those who didn’t serve in the military. It’s estimated that veterans are four times more likely to develop PTSD than non-veterans.
Over 1 million veterans have a VA disability rating for PTSD. If you’re dealing with PTSD as a result of your combat experiences, you aren’t alone! You could be eligible for VA health care, compensation, and treatment for PTSD.
Read on to learn more about combat PTSD and how you can file a claim to get help.
- How to Prove You Have Combat PTSD
- Is PTSD a disability?
- What is Combat PTSD?
- How to file a VA claim for Combat PTSD
- How does the VA rate PTSD?
- Does combat PTSD go away?
- About the Author
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PTSD is absolutely a disability. The VA recognizes PTSD as a service-connected mental condition that impacts the lives of veterans and their ability to work.
While the VA classifies PTSD events as either combat PTSD or non-combat PTSD, this article focuses on helping veterans receive a combat PTSD disability rating.
What is Combat PTSD?
Combat PTSD is defined by the VA as exposure to traumatic events during war. This exposure could include life-threatening combat situations, but witnessing injury and death or handling human remains can also be traumatic and can trigger PTSD.
To receive a combat PTSD diagnosis, you must have experienced a combat stressor event in the VA’s eyes. You must show the VA that there was a stressor event related to your military service causing your condition.
To win a combat PTSD claim, the VA will require that you have exposure to actual or threatened death or serious injury in one or more of these ways:
- You directly experienced a traumatic event
- You witnessed traumatic events that happened to others
- You experienced repeated or extreme exposure to details of the traumatic event(s)
Specific examples of combat stressors include:
- Enemy ambushes or IED attacks
- Rocket or mortar attacks on your location
- Witnessing the death of another service member while deployed
For the event to be considered a combat stressor, the stressor must have occurred while you were engaged in combat during a period of war, campaign, or expedition. For example, a deployment in support of Operation Inherent Resolve, where you were engaged in direct action with the enemy, would qualify as a combat stressor.
Receiving hazardous duty pay is another example of a way to prove you were in combat.
Now that we’ve identified examples of stressors that could lead to combat PTSD, let’s talk about specific symptoms you may be dealing with.
What are signs of combat PTSD?
Veteran PTSD symptoms typically fall into four categories: reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal. We break these down below and give examples of how your PTSD could be impacting your daily life.
You could be:
- Reliving the event, or dealing with intrusive thoughts, memories, flashbacks, and dreams, with episodes of:
- Panic attacks
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Heart palpitations
- Uncontrollable fear
- Suicidal ideations
- Avoiding reminders of the traumatic event (people, places, and situations), including:
- Not discussing combat experiences with loved ones
- Avoiding relationships with service members
- Difficulty handling everyday life stressors
- Numbing with changes in normal behavior and mood, including:
- Difficulty remembering details about the traumatic event(s)
- Feelings of guilt
- Self-blame for the traumatic event(s)
- Negative thoughts and feelings about yourself and others
- Neglecting personal appearance or living conditions
- Feelings of isolation from others
- Difficulty feeling contentment
- Inability to be positive
- Memory loss
- Feeling on edge, including:
- Startling easily
- Self-destructive behavior or recklessness
- Impaired impulse control
- Impaired judgment
- Difficulty focusing
- Difficulty sleeping
How long does it take for signs and symptoms of combat PTSD to appear?
The timing of combat PTSD varies from veteran to veteran. Many veterans start dealing with signs of combat PTSD within three months of the event, but sometimes PTSD takes longer to show up. Some veterans don’t experience signs until after returning home from deployment. Sometimes symptoms take months or even years to develop. Other veterans may have signs and symptoms within hours of the traumatic event.
If you or someone you love is dealing with suicidal ideations, don’t wait. Please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 and press option 1.
How to file a VA claim for Combat PTSD
To file a VA claim for combat PTSD, you’ll be required to prove these three elements:
- You have a current medical diagnosis of PTSD (or other mental health condition)
- Your combat PTSD was caused by a stressor event during your military service, AND
- You have a medical nexus that links your PTSD to the stressor event
Keep in mind that to be diagnosed with PTSD, your symptoms must last at least one month.
There are two forms you’re required to submit with your combat PTSD claim. The first form is filled out by you, and the second form is completed by a medical examiner.
Form 1: VA Form 21-0781
To file a claim for combat PTSD, you must use VA Form 21-0781: Statement In Support of Claim for Service Connection for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This form is for first-time filers of PTSD.
To complete this form, you’ll need to gather details about the specific combat event or events causing your PTSD:
- The date of the event
- The location of the event
- The unit you were assigned to at the time of the event
- Dates you were assigned to the unit
- A description of what happened
- Any medals or citations you received as a result of the event
- Information about any service members who were killed or injured
- Your remarks
You can attach additional pages and include more information if you run out of space.
Form 2: PTSD Disability Benefits Questionnaire (DBQ)
DBQs are forms completed by your doctor. They provide medical evidence to the VA regarding your condition to help the VA make a disability compensation decision.
If you’re filing for combat PTSD for the first time, your DBQ will be completed by your Compensation & Pension (C&P) examiner.
For combat PTSD, providers will complete the Review Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Disability Benefits Questionnaire.
This form asks providers to detail:
- Whether or not you’ve been diagnosed with PTSD
- Your symptoms, and whether they’re all attributable to PTSD
- Whether you’ve been diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- How much your condition impacts your ability to work and function in everyday life
- Clinical findings from all of your medical records (in-service, the VA, and private treatment)
- Any recent history since your last exam, including:
- Family history
- Work and school history
- Mental health history, including medications you’re taking
- Legal and behavioral history
- Substance abuse history
- How you meet the PTSD diagnosis criteria
- Your current symptoms that relate to your PTSD diagnosis
- If you’re capable of managing your own finances
- The physician’s remarks
The criteria section of this form is vital, as the VA uses the criteria and symptoms to determine which rating level you meet for combat PTSD.
How can you prove combat PTSD?
If your records show you were involved in combat, your statement on VA Form 21-0781 is usually enough evidence to prove service connection to the stressor event causing your PTSD.
In these cases, your statement is enough to establish a service connection for the stressor if you meet one of the following requirements:
- You were diagnosed with PTSD while in service due to events that happened while you were serving
- The stressor occurred while you were in combat
- The stressor happened while you were a Prisoner of War, or
- You dealt with fears of hostile military or terrorist activity as a drone aircraft crew member (this was added in 2010)
The VA will verify that you were in combat by checking your DD-214 and looking for combat medals, awards, or some indication of combat action.
If the VA cannot verify the event by your DD-214 alone, they can also use these documents:
- Service personnel records and pay records
- Military occupation evidence
- Hazard pay records
- Service treatment records (STRs)
- Military performance reports
- Verification that the Veteran received Combat/Imminent Danger/Hostile Fire Pay
- Unit and organizational histories
- Daily staff journals
- Operational reports-lessons learned (ORLLs)
- After action reports (AARs)
- Radio logs, deck logs, and ship histories
- Muster rolls
- Command chronologies and war diaries, and
- Monthly summaries and morning reports.
How to write a description of what happened during your combat PTSD stressor event
You can also prove combat PTSD by making sure your lay statement is detailed and makes sense. You’ll want to write your statement in a logical way that explains how the incident happened in your regular line of duty.
It’s essential to consider the routine duties that a service member with your Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) would be conducting. For instance, if you were a helicopter mechanic and your statement discusses receiving mortar fire while out on the flight line performing your duties, this makes logical sense.
Should you include a buddy letter in your combat PTSD claim?
Generally, the VA’s evidence requirements to prove service connection for combat stressors are not extremely stringent. However, if your combat engagement is not shown in your military records, an option to give the VA more proof of your combat stressor is to include a buddy letter with your claim. Someone in your unit who can corroborate your personal statement could give the VA additional evidence.
It’s important to note that VA Claims Insider used to frequently recommend “buddy letters” from first-hand witnesses for these and other claims. However, over time we’ve come to discourage buddy letters in many cases, having seen buddy letters “muddy the waters” and hurt more than help a claim. The problem is that conflicting information from lay witnesses can actually slow down your claim and even lead to denial.
Generally we now recommend that you skip the buddy letter, and stick to your own well-crafted personal statement. That way, you control the narrative, the wording and the details and can ensure consistency. You get to tell your story directly to the rater through a strong statement in support of claim.
If you do decide you need a buddy statement in your particular case, you want to ensure that your fellow service member writes a report that matches your account. The best person to write a statement would be someone who experienced the same event, or witnessed you experiencing the stressor and was in the same place with you during the event. Your written circumstances surrounding the stressor MUST align closely.
How does the VA rate PTSD?
The VA uses the 38 CFR PTSD rating scale to rate PTSD. The VA rates veterans with service-connected Combat PTSD at 0 percent, 10 percent, 30 percent, 50 percent, 70 percent, and 100 percent, depending on severity and symptoms. The average VA disability rating for PTSD is 70 percent.
To learn more, read our article on how the VA rates PTSD.
Does combat PTSD go away?
It’s possible, but not common, that PTSD resolves completely. While symptoms of PTSD may never completely go away, the good news is combat PTSD symptoms can get better. Most veterans’ symptoms improve over time, especially with treatment, self-care, and other interventions and support.
Sometimes the condition can last for years; however, sometimes symptoms resolve after a few months. It can also wax and wane.
The degree of improvement depends on many factors, from the underlying health of the individual to the treatments and intervention selected, the severity of the traumatic event(s) or experience(s) and the severity of the PTSD itself.
The intensity of your PTSD symptoms and how long you deal with these symptoms are often influenced by the severity of the traumatic event you lived through. How your brain was impacted by the trauma, and the length of the trauma, can also affect your condition.
Treatment is available if you’re dealing with combat PTSD. Don’t wait to file your combat PTSD VA claim!
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Our process takes the guesswork out of filing a VA disability claim and supports you every step of the way in building a fully-developed claim (FDC)—so you can increase your rating fast!
If you’ve filed your VA disability claim and have been denied or have received a low rating—or you’re unsure how to get started—reach out to us! Take advantage of a FREE VA Claim Discovery Call. Learn what you’ve been missing—so you can FINALLY get the disability rating and compensation you deserve!
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About the Author
About VA Claims Inside
VA Claims insider is an education-based coaching/consulting company. We’re here for disabled veterans exploring eligibility for increased VA disability benefits and who wish to learn more about that process. We also connect veterans with independent medical professionals in our referral network for medical examinations, disability evaluations, and credible independent medical opinions and nexus statements (medical nexus letters) for a wide range of disability conditions