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April 10, 2019

New and Relevant Evidence? How to adequately support your VA Supplemental Claim

Last updated on December 20, 2022

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If you want to learn how to implement these strategies to get the VA benefits you deserve, click here to speak with a VA claim expert for free.

The new VA Appeals Modernization Act, which went into effect on February 19, 2019 replaced the old “Reconsideration” or “Re-Opening” of a previously adjudicated claim with something called the VA Supplemental Claim, aka, Option #2, the Supplemental Claim Lane in the new VA appeals process.

#RIP Reconsideration

If you’re thinking about filing a Supplemental Claim, that means your previously submitted VA disability claim was denied, and most likely, denied for one of three reasons:

  1. No medical diagnosis of a disability or condition
  2. No clear “Nexus” meaning the disability or condition was NOT caused or made worse by your active duty military service (direct service connection) or by another service-connected disability (secondary service connection)
  3. No evidence of symptomatology to support a VA disability rating under the law

Now, in order to qualify for a Supplemental Claim, a veteran MUST present “NEW” and “RELEVANT” evidence NOT previously considered.

This is a big concept, and one that all veterans need to understand.

As defined in 38 CFR 3.2501:

NEW evidence is evidence not previously part of the actual record before agency adjudicators.  

RELEVANT evidence is information that tends to prove or disprove a matter at issue in a claim.  Relevant evidence includes evidence that raises a theory of entitlement that was not previously addressed. 

When determining if evidence is relevant consider whether the evidence:

  • Relates to an element for which the claim was previously denied, OR
  • Raises a theory of entitlement NOT addressed by the previous decision.

Okay, let’s look at some examples to clear things up a bit:

Example #1: 

After VA denies service-connection of lumbar strain due to “no Nexus,” the Veteran submits a new medical nexus letter from a qualified medical professional. This would be considered “new” because the VA hadn’t seen it before and “relevant” because it would help to prove or disprove the “Nexus” aka, the link between the veteran’s current lumbar strain and his/her active duty military service. (NEW AND RELEVANT MEDICAL NEXUS OPINION)

Example #2: 

After VA denies service-connection for migraines because “disability does not exist,” the Veteran submits a medical report showing the existence of the disability along with a medical diagnosis of migraines. This would be considered “new” because the VA didn’t have this medical report at the time of the previous denial and “relevant” because it would help to prove or disprove that the migraines disability does exist and has been diagnosed in a medical record. (NEW AND RELEVANT MEDICAL RECORDS)

Example #3: 

After VA denies service-connection for knee injury as “not incurred in-service,” the Veteran submits a buddy statement for the first time from a friend who witnessed the event when the Veteran injured his knee in-service. This would be considered “new” because the VA hadn’t seen the buddy statement before AND “relevant” because it would help to prove or disprove that the knee injury did in fact occur in-service. (NEW AND RELEVANT LAY STATEMENT AKA “BUDDY LETTER”)

If you have new and relevant evidence not previously considered, then you’re ready to file a VA supplemental claim, and here are the steps:

How to File a VA Supplemental Claim:

A Veteran can file a Supplemental Claim within 1 year of a decision if you have new and relevant evidence not previously considered:

To file a Supplemental Claim, fill out the Decision Review Request: Supplemental Claim (VA Form 20-0995). Download VA Form 20-0995.

By Mail:

Send the completed form and any supporting documents to the benefit office that matches the benefit type you selected on the form.

Department of Veterans Affairs
Claims Intake Center
PO Box 4444
Janesville, WI 53547-4444

In Person:

Bring your completed form and any supporting documents to a regional benefit office. 
Find a regional benefit office near you.

By Fax:

Fax your completed VA Form 20-0995 and any new and relevant supporting documents to 1-844-531-7818.

Need more medical evidence to service-connect and get rated at the appropriate level in support of your VA supplemental claim? Join VA Claims Insider Elite and have our medical team get started on your VA disability claim for FREE:

Want to listen to the VA Claims Insider Podcast? Click HERE now.

About the Author

Brian Reese
Brian Reese

Brian Reese

Brian Reese is one of the top VA disability benefits experts in the world and bestselling author of You Deserve It: The Definitive Guide to Getting the Veteran Benefits You’ve Earned (Second Edition).

Brian’s frustration with the VA claim process led him to create VA Claims Insider, which provides disabled veterans with tips, strategies, and lessons learned to win their VA disability compensation claim, faster, even if they’ve already filed, been denied, gave up, or don’t know where to start. 

As the founder of VA Claims Insider and CEO of Military Disability Made Easy, he has helped serve more than 10 million military members and veterans since 2013 through free online educational resources.

He is a former active duty Air Force officer with extensive experience leading hundreds of individuals and multi-functional teams in challenging international environments, including a combat tour to Afghanistan in 2011 supporting Operation ENDURING FREEDOM.

Brian is a Distinguished Graduate of Management from the United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO, and he holds an MBA from Oklahoma State University’s Spears School of Business, Stillwater, OK, where he was a National Honor Scholar (Top 1% of Graduate School class).

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