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June 21, 2022

Top 9 Things to Know About Chapter 31 VA Benefits

Last updated on December 5, 2022

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Veteran Education Benefits

If you’re a veteran, you may be eligible for Veterans Education Benefits through the VA.

We want to ensure you have all the information you need to make an informed decision about your education benefits.

We’ve put together this guide on Chapter 31 VA Benefits to help you understand if you qualify for this education benefits. Here you’ll find information on eligibility requirements, how to apply for benefits, and what kind of benefits you can receive.

We hope this guide will help you take advantage of the education benefits available and help you achieve your educational goals. Thank you for your service!



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What is the VA Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program (Chapter 31 VOC Rehab)?

The VA Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program (also referred to as VR&E, the Chapter 31 program) is an excellent resource for disabled veterans with a service-connected disability.

The program provides job counseling, job search assistance, and on-the-job training to help veterans find employment.

Additionally, the program offers education and career development services to help veterans transition to civilian life.

Veterans can also receive financial assistance for school or training programs. The VA Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program is a great way for veterans to get the skills and training they need to find successful careers.

Eligible Veterans for Chapter 31 VA Benefits Eligibility

Veterans who have service-connected disabilities are eligible for Chapter 31 VA benefits. These benefits include educational assistance and vocational rehabilitation.

Additionally, the VA website states that “Veterans participating in the VR&E program MAY receive a subsistence allowance while they pursue an educational or training program in preparation for a future career.”

This stipend is based on attendance in a training program (full time, three-quarter time, or half time), the number of dependents, and the type of training. You can use the educational assistance for tuition, books, and other expenses.

To be eligible for Chapter 31 benefits, veterans must meet both of the following requirements:

  • you didn’t receive a dishonorable discharge,
  • and you have a service-connected disability rating of at least 10% from VA.

Veterans discharged from active duty before January 1, 2013, have a basic period of eligibility that lasts 12 years. This period begins on the date that the veteran received notice of their date of separation from active duty or the date on which they received their first VA service-connected disability rating.

If you were discharged from active duty on or after January 1, 2013, the 12-year basic eligibility period doesn’t apply to you. There’s no time limit on your eligibility.

What Disability Rating Do I Need to Be to Qualify for Chapter 31?

While the specific requirements vary from state to state, if you are a veteran, you must have a service connected disability rating of at least 10% with a serious employment handicap (SEH) or 20% or more with an employment handicap to qualify for Chapter 31 benefits. In addition, you must be able to show that your disability is preventing you from being able to work or pursue vocational training. If you meet these requirements, you can begin working with a Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor to develop an individualized plan for achieving your employment goals.


What are Chapter 31 VA Benefits | Veteran Readiness and Employment Program (VR&E)?

The VA’s VR&E program is designed to help service members who have service-connected disabilities prepare for, find, and keep suitable jobs.

The program offers a wide range of services to eligible veterans, including:

  • Vocational counseling: Individualized counseling and guidance help veterans choose a career path best suited to their skills, interests, and abilities.
  • Job training: On-the-job training, apprenticeships, and non-paid work experiences can lead to employment.
  • And education benefits: Payment for tuition, fees, books, and other necessary education-related expenses at approved colleges and universities.
  • Other services may include: resume development, other work-readiness support, help finding and keeping a job, including the use of special employer incentives and job accommodations, post-secondary education and training at a college, vocational, technical, or business school, Supportive rehabilitation services including case management, counseling, and medical referrals and independent living services.

What Is the Chapter 31 VA Benefits Pay Scale 2022?

The VA offers various options when it comes to getting the most out of your education and training benefits.

With the VA’s comparison tool, you can see how different benefits stack up against each other. So whether you’re looking for the most bang for your buck or the best possible education, the VA has you covered.

Chapter 31 Pay Chart – Subsistence Allowance Rate Increase as of October 1, 2021

You can find out how to calculate your possible subsistence allowance rates here.

Veteran Education Chapter Benefits

Can a Veteran Get Multiple Degrees With Chapter 31? 

Under the previous interpretation of the “48-month rule,” veterans who used VR&E benefits first would only be able to use 36 months of other educational assistance benefits.

Since 2021, with the updated interpretation, veterans can use up to 48 months of benefits total. This change will help veterans get the most out of their education benefits and better support their success in achieving their goals.

If you’re a veteran with a service-connected disability, you may be wondering if you’re entitled to additional education benefits.

It may be possible for entitlement used in a VA education program to be reclassified as entitlement used in VR & E, which could result in additional entitlement to other VA education programs.

It’s important to note that this process is very limited and restricted by law and regulation; not every veteran with a service-connected disability will qualify for retroactive induction. But if you think you might be eligible, it’s worth looking into.


What Is the Difference Between Chapter 31 and the GI Bill (Chapter 33)

Potential students should know the key differences between Chapter 31 and the Post-9/11 GI Bill (Chapter 33).

Chapter 31 is available to veterans with at least a 10% disability rating, but approval is not guaranteed. Up to 48 months of entitlement are possible.

Chapter 33, on the other hand, is available to active duty and veterans with no minimum disability rating. You may transfer this benefit to qualifying dependents with some restrictions. Up to 36 months of entitlement are possible.

The Post-9/11 GI Bill is more widely available and has more flexible eligibility requirements. As such, it is often seen as the superior option for those looking to take advantage of their educational benefits.

Does Chapter 31 Take Away From Chapter 33?

There’s a lot of confusion out there about veterans’ education benefits. Some people think that if you use Chapter 31 benefits, you can’t also use Chapter 33. But that’s not true!

Chapter 31 is specifically for vocational rehabilitation, while Chapter 33 is for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.

You can use both benefits at the same time. Chapter 31 can help you cover the cost of tuition, while Chapter 33 can cover things like your monthly housing allowance and book stipend.

Do all schools accept the GI Bill and Chapter 31?

If you’re interested in using your benefits to attend school, you’ll need to find a GI Bill-approved school. You can use this comparison tool to find schools and compare benefits. The tool will help you get more advice on choosing the right school.

You’ll be able to click on each school to learn more about the benefits they offer, as well as compare the benefits of each school side-by-side to help you make an informed decision.

We hope this guide has been helpful. We’re insiders and here to walk you through everything you need to know. Remember, if you have any questions about Veterans Education Benefits, we encourage you to contact us for support.



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If you’ve filed your VA disability claim and have been denied or have received a low rating—or you’re unsure how to get started—reach out to us! Take advantage of a FREE VA Claim Discovery Call. Learn what you’ve been missing—so you can FINALLY get the disability rating and compensation you deserve!

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About the Author

Brian Reese
Brian Reese

Brian Reese

Brian Reese is one of the top VA disability benefits experts in the world and bestselling author of You Deserve It: The Definitive Guide to Getting the Veteran Benefits You’ve Earned (Second Edition).

Brian’s frustration with the VA claim process led him to create VA Claims Insider, which provides disabled veterans with tips, strategies, and lessons learned to win their VA disability compensation claim, faster, even if they’ve already filed, been denied, gave up, or don’t know where to start. 

As the founder of VA Claims Insider and CEO of Military Disability Made Easy, he has helped serve more than 10 million military members and veterans since 2013 through free online educational resources.

He is a former active duty Air Force officer with extensive experience leading hundreds of individuals and multi-functional teams in challenging international environments, including a combat tour to Afghanistan in 2011 supporting Operation ENDURING FREEDOM.

Brian is a Distinguished Graduate of Management from the United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO, and he holds an MBA from Oklahoma State University’s Spears School of Business, Stillwater, OK, where he was a National Honor Scholar (Top 1% of Graduate School class).

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